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英语容易混淆的词汇70组对照总结表

2021-09-09 02:41 已有人浏览
本文摘要:1. clothes, cloth, clothing clothes 统指种种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不行数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of2. incident, accident incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident.3. amount, number amount 后接不行数名词, number

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1. clothes, cloth, clothing  clothes 统指种种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth 指布,为不行数名词 clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of2. incident, accident  incident 指小事件, accident 指不幸的事故 He was killed in the accident.3. amount, number  amount 后接不行数名词, number 后接可数名词 a number of students4. family, house, home  home 家,包罗住处和家人,house屋子,住宅,family家庭成员. My family is a happy one.5. sound, voice, noise  sound 自然界种种各样的声音,voice 人的嗓音,noise 噪音I hate the loud noise outside.6. photo, picture, drawing  photo 用照相机拍摄的照片,picture 可指相片,图片,影戏片,drawing 画的画 Let's go and see a good picture.7. vocabulary, word  vocabulary 词汇,一小我私家拥有的单词量,word 详细的单词He has a large vocabulary.8. population, people  population 人口,人数,people 详细的人 China has a large population.9. weather, climate  weather 一天内详细的天气状况,climate 恒久的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you.10. road, street, path, way  road 详细的公路,马路,street 街道,path 小路,小径,way 门路,途径  take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.11. course, subject  course课程(可包罗多门科目),subject科目(详细的学科)a summer course12. custom, habit  custom传统民俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do, habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing. I've got the habit of drinking a lot.13. cause, reason  cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或效果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late14. exercise, exercises, practice  exercise 运动,磨炼(不行数),exercises 训练(可数),practice(重复做的)训练 Practice makes perfect.15. class, lesson  作"课"解时,两者可以替换,指课文用lesson。指班级或全体学生用class.  lesson 6; class 516. speech, talk, lecture  speech 指在公开场合所做的经由准备的较正式的演说,talk 日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲话,lecture 学术性的演讲,授课 a series of lecture on...17. officer, official  officer 队伍的军官,official 政府官员 an army officer18. work, job  二者均指事情。work不行数,job可数 a good job19. couple, pair  couple主要指人或动物,pair多指由两部门组成的工具 a pair of trousers20. country, nation, state, land  country偏重指国界,领土,nation指人民,国民,民族,state偏重指政府,政体,land领土,国家 the whole nation was sad at the news.21. cook, cooker  cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.22. damage, damages  damage不行数名词,损害,损失; damages复数形式,赔偿金 $900 damages23. police, policeman  police警员的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman 指某个详细的警员 the police are questioning everyone in the house.24. problem, question  problem常和难题连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用25. man, a man  man人类,a man一个男子 Man will conquer nature.26. chick, chicken  二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 the chicken is delicious.27. telegram, telegraph  当电报解时,telegram指详细的,telegraph指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph28. trip, journey, travel, voyage  travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip29. sport, game  sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐运动,如打球,游泳,狩猎,赛马等;game指决议胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.30. price, prize  price价钱,prize奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low. 31. a number of, the number of  a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。

the number of...的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing.32. in front of, in the front of  in front of 规模外的前面,in the front of 规模内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.33. of the day, of a day  of the day 每一天的,其时的,今世的, of a day 暂时的,不恒久的 a famous scientist of the day34. three of us, the three of us  three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us 我们三个(就三小我私家)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.35. by bus, on the bus  by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表规模 They went there by bus. 36. for a moment, for the moment  for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he aGREed. 37. next year, the next year  next year未来时间状语,the next year已往未来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.38. more than a year, more than one year  more than a year一年多,more than one year凌驾一年(两年或三年等)39. take advice, take the(one's) advice  take advice征求意见,take the advice接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again.40. take air, take the air  take air流传,走漏,take the air到户外去,散步 We take the air every day.41. in a word, in words  in a word总之,一句话, in words口头上 In a word, you are right.42. in place of, in the place of  in place of取代,in the place of在...地方 A new building is built in the place of the old one.43. in secret, in the secret  in secret秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret知道内情,知道秘密,一般用作表语 My mother was in the secret from the beginning.44. a girl, one girl  a girl 可泛指所有女孩, one girl 一个女孩 Can one girl carry such a big box?45. take a chair, take the chair  take a chair 相当于sit down坐下,take the chair 开始开会46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea  go to sea 当海员,出航,by sea 搭船,由海路, by the sea 在海边 go by sea47. the doctor and teacher, the doctor and the teacher  the doctor and teacher 指一小我私家,既是医生又是老师,the doctor and the teacher 两小我私家,一个医生和一个老师 the doctor and teacher is48. in office, in the office  in office 职的,in the office 在办公室里 He is in office, not out of office.49. in bed, on the bed  in bed 卧在床上,on the bed 在床上 The book is on the bed. He is ill in bed.50. in charge of, in the charge of  in charge of 治理,卖力照料, in the charge of 由......照料 He is in charge of the matter. The matter is in the charge of her.51. in class, in the class  in class 在课上,in the class 在班级里 He is the best student in the class.52. on fire, on the fire  on fire 着火,on the fire 在火上 Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.53. out of question, out of the question  out of question 毫无疑问的,out of the question 不行能的 54. a second, the second  a second 又一,再一, the second 第...... He won the second prize.55. by day, by the day  by day 白昼,by the day 按天盘算 The workers are paid by the day.56. the people, a people  the people 指人,a people 指民族 The Chinese is a peace-loving people.57. it, one  it 同一物体,one 同类差别一 I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.58. that, this  that 指代上文所提到的,this 导出下文所要说的 I was ill. That's why...59. none, nothing, no one  none 强调有几多,nothing, no one 强调有没有,nothing 指物,no one 指人  --- How many.../How much...? --- None.60. anyone, any one  anyone指人,不能接of,any one指人物均可,可接of any one of you61. who, what  who 指姓名或关系,what 指职业或职位 What is your dad? He is a teacher.62. what, which  what 的选择基础是无限制的,which 在一定规模内举行选择 Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?63. other, another  other 后接名词复数,another 后接名词单数 other students, another student64. not a little, not a bit  not a little 很是,not a bit 一点也不 I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。

65. many, much, a lot of  many 和可数名词连用,much 和不行数名词连用,a lot of 可数,不行数均可,但不用于否认句 I haven't many books.66. much more...than, many more...than  much more...than 后接形容词或不行数名词, many more...than 后接可数名词 many more people, much more water, much more beautiful67. no, not  no=not a/any  no friend = not a/any friend  no water = not any water68. no more than, not more than  no more than 相当于only,仅仅,只有,not more than 至多,不凌驾69. majority, most  majority 只能修饰可数名词,most 可数不行数均可 the majority of people70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself  by oneself 单独的,独自的,for oneself 为自己,to oneself 供自己用的,of oneself 自行的,自动的 the door opened of itself.补(1)event, incident, affair, matterevent意为 "(尤指)重要事情,大事",用在 in that event, in any event 结构中的时候,可与case替换。incident意为 "发生的事情,严重事件,暴力事件",用于表现突发事件或偶然发生的事件。affair意为 "公共事务,政治事务,事件,风骚韵事",如:a love affair, affairs of state。matter意为"事情,问题,事态,关乎......的事情"。

如:It is a matter of time.这只是个时间问题。(2)force, strength, power, energy force, strength, power, energy 都有"力"的意思。force强调力所发生的实际效果, 如: The law should remain in force. 执法应当有效力。

strength 指"体力,气力,力气", 如: He is a man of great strength。他是个鼎力大举士。

power 指"能力,控制", 着重行动所依据的能力或职权。如: It's beyond my power. 它超出了我的职权。

energy 原是物理学上的术语"能量", 用于人时则指"精神"。如: He worked with great energy. 他精神充沛地事情。

(3)reward,award这两个词都可以用作名词和动词,作名词时,意义相近,但不是同义词。作名词时,award的意思是"奖品,奖金",其意思与prize相似,两者都指因为作出良好成就而受奖。

如:The Olympic winner received a gold medal as an award. He won the second award of $2 000. reward作名词时,其意为"悬赏金,奖励,酬劳"。如:We will offer a reward of ten thousand dollars for information about the case. 如果有人提供有关此案件的情报,我们愿意出一万元赏金。

We don't expect substantial rewards. 我们并不期望获得优厚的酬劳。用作动词时,award的意思是"授予,奖励";reward则表现"夸奖,给以酬劳"之意。

如:He was awarded the first prize for Outstanding Industrial Design.他获良好工业设计一等奖。You should reward them according to their deserts.你应该对他们照功行赏。reward也可以用于比喻义。如:I would feel amply rewarded if my book could be of some help to you. 如果我的书对你有所资助的话,我就感应心满足足了。

(4)path, lane, drive, avenue, road, highway, waypath一般指小道、小径,特别是林间或田间小径,而且通常是由人走出来的,不是修筑的。如:The path leads through the forest.这条小路穿过森林。

lane一般指双方有树篱或者墙的小道或巷子,也指宽阔街道上的车道。如:He walked along the country lane.他走在乡间的小径上。

drive,有时也用driveway,一般表现私人住宅前专为私人的车子铺设的车道,也指游览车在游览区行驶的小路。如:The car entered the gate and stopped at the end of the drive. 车子进了大门,在车道的止境停了下来。

avenue指都会中宽阔的大街或者林荫道。如:He is staying at a hotel on Fifth Avenue. 他住在第五大街上的一家旅馆里。road指市区外车辆或马行走的门路。如:The workers will have completed the new roads by the end of this year.今年年底,工人们将要修筑好新的马路。

highway指来往车辆多的公路。如:A highway bridge is being built over the river. 那条河上正在修筑一座公路桥。way和road的寄义相近,常泛起在某些习习用语中。如:He lives across the way. 他住在马路的劈面。

(5)position,statusposition 位置,方位,职位,职位,职务。如:The bed used to be in this position. 床原来是放在这儿的。 He has a high position in society. 他社会职位很高。

status职位,身份,社会上层职位。如:Women's social status hasn't changed much over the years. 这些年妇女的社会职位没有多大改变。He is after wealth and status. 他追求财富和职位。

(6)habit,custom,practicehabit偏重指小我私家的习惯。custom指社会或团体的民俗、习俗。practice通常指习俗、老例、通例。如:I've got into the habit of switching on TV as soon as I get home.我已养成一抵家就打开电视的习惯。

It's difficult to get used to another country's customs.要适应另一国家的民俗习惯是很难题的It's not the usual practice for shops to stay open after 8 o'clock in the evening.商店在晚上八点以后还营业并非老例。(7)tone,tunetone n. 声调,语气,音质v. 与......协调,与......相配warning tone提示音,警告音keypad tone按键音tune n. 曲调,曲子v. 调音,调整,调谐(8)business, commerce, trade, bargain, deal这些名词均含"商业,生意业务"之意。

business 指包罗售货、购货、换货在内的综合商业运动,方式可以是批发或零售。commerce 多指大规模的买卖或易货关系。trade 为普通用词,寄义广。

既可指某种详细的商业,又可指广泛的商业。bargain 多指买卖双方通过谈判、协商就商品质量、数量、价钱等项告竣协议所做的生意。

deal 为口语用词,指买卖双方经由谈判告竣协议。(9)posture,gestureposture强调整个身体的姿势。

如:He stood in a flamboyant posture with his hands on his hips. 他双手叉腰以炫耀的姿态站在那里。Good。


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